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Limestone is a sedimentary rock that is formed during the sedimentation process within lake floors, oceans and caves. This rock is composed of the minerals aragonite and calcites, which are the calcium carbonate’s crystal forms. A high calcium limestone has a mass of 95% of calcium carbonate.
The properties of limestone, like compactness, hardness, durability and imperviousness, play a vital role with its uses. The texture of limestone ranges from an extremely fine to a coarse texture. Limestone has a low porosity. It is weather resistant. The chemical and physical properties of limestone make this stone a versatile rock for years now.
Uses of limestone
Construction and Architecture
This is the most common use of limestone. Pyramid of Giza, one of the most famous landmarks, is made up of limestone. The architectural use of limestone is visible all over the world. The most popular places where limestone is used are in the continents of North America and Europe. In Canada, the Kingston city in Ontario has a lot of buildings made up of limestone. The city is also known as Limestone City.
Limestone is an essential additive of Portland cement. The cement plays a vital role when it comes to the components in construction. Limestone, in construction, has a lot of uses. When it is crushed, it can be used for base in railroads and for foundations.
Limestone uses include countertops, worktops and a lot more that creates a new stylish look to any home. They can be used for a different purpose like fireplace hearths, mantles and fireplaces.
Bathroom wall panels made from limestone is an extremely beautiful and effective solution to grouting issues incurred whilst using tiles.
Stair treads (the part you stand on) and risers (the vertical face on stairs) clad in limestone are utterly stunning and offer a low maintenance solution to staircases.
The minerals dolomite and calcite, which are abundant in limestone, are commonly used. The minerals are used for the manufacturing of paper, glass, detergent, textiles, baking soda and a lot more of everyday products. Limestone is also used in toothpaste. Few people are aware of this. The limestone acts as filler, abrasive and white pigment. With that, it shows that limestone is essential in our daily lives. The minerals found in limestone are also used in production of cosmetics, paint, pharmaceuticals, varnish, fertilizers and a lot more including the powdery substance on the coating of chewing gum.
Other limestone uses include the powder form within coal mines, to control the coal mine dust, and power plants to collect sulfur dioxide. They are also involved in purification of the molten iron and glass. To neutralize soil with a high acidic content, limestone can help with soil conditioning. Limestone is also used within the steel industry.
Given the uses of limestone, you will notice that the limestone and other sedimentary rocks are extremely popular and useful to a lot of industries. With examples of how the limestone is used, like in worktops, fireplace, hearths and a lot more, you will see that limestone is not restricted to those uses.
Landforms that are carved out of the rock of limestone, known as karst, is a crucial element when it comes to the natural landscaping. Also, the limestone geological formations are the best reservoirs of petroleum that you will find in the earth.